The cervix is the part of the female reproductive system that is responsible for holding the baby in the womb during pregnancy, which then opens during delivery to allow the baby to pass through the female genital.
However, like most organs in the body, the cervix is prone to cancer. Cervical cancer is slow-growing, although it can be easily detected with a routine test (recommended once a year) known as a pap smear.
However, when cervical cancer is diagnosed, there are different treatment options depending on how advanced the disease is. You can also look for cervical cancer screening and treatment in Kenya.
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Radiation therapy – Radiation therapy uses high energy to kill cancer cells or slow their growth and can be used after surgery to kill any other cancer cells that may remain in the area.
Chemotherapy – Used when cancer has spread beyond the cervix and is often accompanied by the use of radiation therapy.
Surgery – Used when cancer has reached Stage I or Stage II of its cycle, there are three surgical options available to the sufferer.
1. Radical Trachelectomy – Removes the cervix, a portion of the female genital wall, and the surrounding tissue.
2. Total Hysterectomy – Used to remove the cervix and uterus.
3. Radical hysterectomy – This is the most serious surgery for cervical cancer, in which the cervix, uterus, and part of the female genital are removed.