Gum disease is a common oral health problem, but it tends to get ignored in many cases. Tooth decay usually causes discomfort while eating or drinking, or may cause pain which may lead to timely dental intervention.
People who do not go for periodic dental exams may detect the disease only when the symptoms become more pronounced. Patients may visit a leading dentist for effective treatment for gum disease.
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However, in the case of gum disease, initial symptoms are not easily noticeable.
Gum disease or gingivitis is typically caused due to poor oral hygiene, which gives rise to the accumulation of harmful bacteria in the mouth. These bacteria cause inflammation of the gum tissue and try to invade further into the bone that supports the teeth.
Unless prompt treatment is sought for gingivitis, the infection may reach up to the bone, which is an advanced stage of periodontitis. The size of the gap between the teeth and the gums is usually measured to determine the stage of gum disease.
Advanced stages of gum disease can cause serious loss of teeth and bone. The harmful bacteria become aggressive and spread rapidly, which can also contribute to other health problems.
When the bone gets infected, it may become very difficult to save the teeth, and extraction may be the only option left.
Regular cleaning of teeth and gums, prevention of gum injury, and periodic dental exams are important to preserve oral health and stay away from gum disease.